Acland, Glenda I. "Editorial." Archives and Manuscripts 22, no. 1 (May 1994):
Guest Editor's Editorial for this special issue of Archives and Manuscripts, "Electronic Recordkeeping: Issues and Perspectives." The author briefly discusses the evolution of events within the Australian archival profession that led them to attempt to deal with electronic recordkeeping issues. In addition she presents an introduction to the seven articles that comprise this edition.
Berring, Robert C. "Partners and Alliances." Electronic Access to Information: A
New Service Paradigm, eds. Win-Shin S. Chiang, and Nancy E. Elkington, 41-50. Palo Alto,
CA, 23 July 1993. Mountain View, CA: The Research Libraries Group, Inc., January 1994.
Professor Berring declared that librarianship was in peril, in part due to the advent of the technological revolution. He suggested that librarians must act swiftly and strategically to recapture the leadership role of information manager. The must seek partners and build alliances. However, they must look beyond the traditional partners of fellow librarians, faculty, students, or even technology specialists within their own institutions. Instead they must form alliances with information vendors who have the incentive and resources to be strong partners.
Brindley, Lynne. "Research Library Directions in the 1990s." Electronic Information
Resources and Historians: European Perspectives, Eds. Seamus Ross, and Edward Higgs,
175-183. The British Academy, London, 25 June 1926. St Katharinen: Scripta Mercaturae
This paper will consider the impact of the increasing availability of electronic information on major research libraries. It will raise issues such as the organization, integration, and management of research materials in a variety of formats -- print, images, multimedia, and digital texts; the increasingly complex task of providing access to such information; and, the requirements for training and support of readers. The need to rethink our concept of the research library in this wider information environment will be discussed. Relevant national developments from the HEFC Libraries Review and of the Joint Information Services Committee will be accessed.
Campbell, Jerry D. "Building Xanadu: Creating the New Library Paradise."
Electronic Access to Information: A New Service Paradigm, eds. Win-Shin S. Chiang,
and Nancy E. Elkington, 25-32. Palo Alto, CA, 23 July 1993. Mountain View, CA: The Research
Libraries Group, Inc., January 1994.
Dr. Campbell used a recent survey of faculty and students conducted at Duke University to illustrate his thesis. He described the changing needs and expectations of users as well as the new opportunities for service brought about by technology. He explored the effects of the new technologies on organizational structure and service, and suggested possible strategies to revitalize library service and create the "new library paradise."
Cox, Richard J. "Archives as a Multi-faceted Term in the Information Professions."
The Records & Retrieval Report 11, no. 3 (March 1995): 1-14.
Cox examines how the term "archives" is interpreted, misinterpreted, or completely overlooked in the information technology literature, organizational management literature, and the literature belonging to the records management profession and other related disciplines. The author places the responsibility for these inconsistencies on archivists and records managers themselves. He points out that these professions are still being viewed as custodians of paper and that it is their responsibility to begin to change this view. In order to do this, he recommends that archivists and records managers begin by agreeing on a firm definition of what a record is. They then must re-examine and re-align their mission as a profession, educate themselves about electronic information technology, and, finally, reach out to and educate other information professionals about archival and records management concerns. Cox, Richard J. The First Generation of Electronic Records Archivists in the United States: A Study in Professionalization. New York: The Haworth Press, Inc., 1994.
This book addresses issues of professionalization by re-examining two major aspects of the archival community: institutional forms and structures, and the basic educational foundations that are important to the profession. It studies how and why American archivists have struggled to contend with the management of electronic records.
Dougherty, Richard M., and Carol Hughes. Preferred Futures for Librarians: A
Summary of Six Workshops with University Provosts and Library Directors, The Research
Libraries Group, Inc., Mountain View, CA, November 1991.
With funding provided by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the Research Libraries Group sponsored a series of six workshops designed to examine the relationships between how library directors and chief academic officers view the future missions of research libraries. This report "includes glimpses of what the participants viewed as current accomplishments on campus, issues that continue to concern officials, trends the various groups foresee, and a sampling of the visions that emerged."  In addition, the report summarizes reactions toward the workshops and suggests future directions.
National Historical Publications and Records Commission. Electronic Records Grant
Suggestions, NHPRC, Washington, DC, 17 February 1995.
(DRAFT - Abstract taken from Preface).
The purpose of this document is to help potential applicants develop competitive applications in the area of electronic records to submit to the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC). These suggestions are based on recommendations in the report, "Research Issues in Electronic Records," and should be used in conjunction with that report.
Price, Kathleen. "Xanadu Revisited: Clothing the Emperor for the New Library Role in
the Electronic Library Paradigm." Electronic Access to Information: A New Service
Paradigm, eds. Win-Shin S. Chiang, and Nancy E. Elkington, 51-58. Palo Alto, CA, 23 July
1993. Mountain View, CA: The Research Libraries Group, Inc., January 1994.
Price summarized the two-day event and highlighted the key issues raised and solutions proposed. Additionally, she shared with the participants the recent efforts of the Law Library of Congress in utilizing technology and building alliances to preserve and expand access to information.
Rayward, W. Boyd. "Electronic Information and the Functional Integration of Libraries,
Museums and Archives." Electronic Information Resources and Historians: European
Perspectives, Eds. Seamus Ross, and Edward Higgs, 227-243. The British Academy,
London, 25 June 1926. St Katharinen: Scripta Mercaturae Verlag, 1993.
The increasing availability in electronic form of information generally and of new kinds of information more particularly will lead to a redefinition and integration of the different categories of 'information' organizations. Traditionally these have been created to manage different formats and media such as print and its surrogates (libraries), objects (museums), and the paper records of organizational activity (archives and records repositories). Differences in organizational philosophy, function, and technique have arisen from the exigencies presented by these different formats and media. These exigencies no longer apply in the same way when there is a common electronic format. It is clear that if electronic sources of information are to be effectively managed for future access by historians and others, differences between libraries, archives and museums will largely have to disappear and their different philosophies, functions and techniques integrated in ways that are as yet unclear.
Schurer, Kevin. "Information Technology and the Implications for the Study of History
in the Future." Electronic Information Resources and Historians: European Perspectives,
Eds. Seamus Ross, and Edward Higgs, 291-300. The British Academy, London, 25 June 1926. St
Katharinen: Scripta Mercaturae Verlag, 1993.
The focus of this paper is an examination of the extent to which the recent developments in the use of computers in history teaching and research have prepared historians for the study of history in the future. In assessing this predicament, a number of issues will be addressed. Principal amongst these are: whether the problems of computing facing historians are different to those in other areas of the humanities and the social sciences; the strengths and weaknesses of the standardization movement; the availability, utilization, and interpretation of source materials; and the position and needs of data archiving. The paper will conclude with a plea for the situation to be addressed as a matter of urgency and the case to be presented to appropriate government agencies.
Tankersley, Michael E. "PROFS Case Legal Filing: Scott Armstrong, et. al. v.
Executive Office of the President, et. al. (argued on 10/26/94)."
(E-mail distributed by Eddie Becker on 10/27/94).
"Plaintiff's Memorandum in support of cross-motion for summary judgement on the applicability of the Federal Records Act to the National Security Council and in opposition to Defendants' motion to dismiss or, in the alternative, for summary judgement on NSC recordkeeping claims."
United States Congress. "National Archives and Records Administration
Authorization." Congressional Record -- House (9 June 1992): 4434-4435.
Description of the argument made in support of The National Archives and Records Administration Authorization Act of 1992, which is intended to "correct the lack of attention, make some long overdue legislative changes, and bring the National Archives more squarely into the modern computer age." .
United States Court of Appeals. "Scott Armstrong, et al, v. Executive Office of the
President, et al." Washington, DC: United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia
Circuit, 13 August 1993.
This is the appeal decision in the PROFNOTES case, deciding that the White House and National Archives did not comply with the Federal Records Act by having the electronic mail files printed on to paper. The Court of Appeals stated that the "government's basic position is flawed because the hard-copy print-outs that the agencies preserve may omit fundamental pieces of information which are an integral part of the original electronic records, such as the identity of the sender and/or recipient and the time of receipt." .
Van Houweling, Douglas E. "Knowledge Services in the Digitized World: Possibilities
and Strategies." Electronic Access to Information: A New Service Paradigm, eds.
Win-Shin S. Chiang, and Nancy E. Elkington, 5-16. Palo Alto, CA, 23 July 1993. Mountain
View, CA: The Research Libraries Group, Inc., January 1994.
In defining the role of the "new library," Dr. Van Houweling challenged the participants to consider fundamental questions about the nature of our business, who our customers are, and what we must do in the future. His radical message and masterful delivery energized the entire audience and set the tone for the two-day event.
Weber, Lisa B. "Educating Archivists for Automation." Library Trends
(December 1988): 501-518.
Weber examines the development of archival automation education. She points to the integration of microcomputers in the workplace and the acceptance of the MARC AMC format as the catalysts for archivists' growing interest in automation. Through her discussions of what kind of education is needed, where and how to seek educational opportunities, where automation education fits into the academic tradition of archival education (i.e., history v. library science), and what future requirements must be considered, the author concludes that unless archivists educate themselves in automated techniques they run the risk of being supplanted by other professions poised to assume the management of records in an automated environment.
Last Modified: 8/14/96 [kjb]